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Paul Gardner

Partner, UK


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Virtual currencies, eSports and social gaming: a fresh look at the boundaries between gaming and gambling in the UK

Introduction A small but increasing number of games are based on, or incorporate, mechanics that have an appearance of gambling.  For example, some social games consist of a gambling style...

Written on 16 Dec 2016


Read time 3m

Virtual currencies, eSports and social gaming: some guidance and questions from the UK Gambling Commission

Background The UK Gambling Commission has just published a helpful discussion paper in relation to virtual currencies, eSports and social gaming (which you can find here). The Commission recognises that...

Written on 16 Aug 2016


Read time 5m

Social Gaming and Gambling – An increasingly blurred border?

The term ‘gaming’ means different things to different people. It can be used in a wide sense to refer to the playing of any game, but can also be used...

Written on 11 Aug 2016


Read time 3m

UK Video Games Tax Relief – How is it going and what might the future hold?

Video game tax relief (VGTR) has been available in the UK from 1 April 2014 for games that are culturally British and developed by British companies (even foreign-owned, can make...

Written on 1 Aug 2016


Read time 4m

The 2015 Interactive Entertainment Summit: a summary of the event

Experts from across the games industry gathered at Osborne Clarke on the afternoon of 3 December for the 2015 Interactive Entertainment Summit.  Developers, publishers, investors and representatives from industry bodies...

Written on 10 Dec 2015


Read time 3m

New UK consumer protection rights for digital content

On 1 October 2015 the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (“CRA”) came into force in the UK. It has been described as the biggest overhaul of consumer rights in a generation...

Written on 10 Nov 2015


Read time 4m

Digital Media Legal Forum: A summary of the event

On 7 October 2015 we held our annual Digital Media Legal Forum, where experts from our London and European offices, along with a host of guest speakers, shared their insights...

Written on 12 Oct 2015


Read time 5m

Regulation of online and app-based games – an update from the UK

Introduction On 30 January 2014 the UK Office of Fair Trading (OFT) published the final form of its Principles for online and app-based games. These Principles can be found here....

Written on 24 Jul 2015


Read time 4m